Miroslav Horak (1981, Zlin, Czech Republic), social and cultural anthropologist, environmentalist and philologist. He specializes in ethnobotany and phytotherapy. Currently works as a head of the Departament of Languages and Cultural Studies, Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, Mendel University in Brno. In his research on drug addiction treatment in cross-cultural perspective, he compares therapeutic programs in Peru, Nicaragua and the Czech Republic. He focuses on spirituality in addiction treatment, retention of inpatients in therapeutic communities and their motivation. For this purpose, he has implemented a number of projects. Traditional medicine of the Amazon is a subject of his professional interests since 2007. He is the author and editor of several books, eg. The House of Song (2013), A Reader in Ethnobotany and Phytotherapy (2014) or Etnobotánica y Fitoterapia en América (2015). His publications are available online at: https://mendelu.academia.edu/hmiro
TITLE: Globalization of the Amazonian Traditional Medicine
In this contribution, diverse tendencies leading to expansion and localization of the Amazonian traditional medicine will be explained. The contribution contains results of a long-term fieldwork that was done in the Czech Republic. Since November 2015 there were semi-structured interviews recorded with users of the Amazonian Traditional Medicine (N=46). It was discovered that there are basically 3 types of rituals organized in this country: 1) traditional (performed by indigenous or mestizo healers), 2) neoshamanic (guided by non-native people from EU or other countries outside the Amazon), 3) religious (celebrated by the members of syncretic churches, e.g. Santo Daime). Finally, motivation of the Amazonian traditional medicine users will be analyzed and legal aspects of its consumption in the European Union will be mentioned in the contribution.